Solar Potential Status
When selecting a site for solar power plants, a primary requirement is the solar potential. The more solar radiation is present in the city where the power plant will be constructed, the more energy can be generated.
Site’s Soil Structure
The construction site’s topographic structure is critical. Initial budget costs may change if the project requires extra earthworks for rocky structures or subsequent construction phases.
Site’s Shading Status
Site surroundings should be surveyed during the site selection process. Any formation that might cast a shadow on the site will reduce the solar power plant’s yield (i.e. tall trees, buildings, mountains, etc.). If any high-voltage transmission line are over or near the site, they will also have an unfavorable effect on your panels and energy productivity.
Site’s Contamination and Powdering Status
Site status for a future power plant should be analyzed for powder content near or around the area, whether from a concrete plant, stone quarry, or sand quarry. These powders will be carried by the winds onto your solar panels and contaminate them, requiring frequently cleaning to avoid substantially decreased productivity.
Site’s Connection with Energy Transmission Line
Solar power plant installation requires it to be connected to energy transmission line at a point designated by the energy distribution company. These transmission routes must be detailed and analyzed.
Site’s Convenient Weather Conditions
The site region is critical for solar power plant installation. One must determine the sunny, foggy, rainy, and snowy conditions of the site location, plus obtain the meteorological data for the next year.
Site’s Transportation Status
Transportation is a major consideration. If accessing the site is a challenge, labor and transportation costs will be high in the initial investment. Recognize that some problems might arise in the transportation of solar panels, construction teams, and equipment such as transformer box due to site location and conditions.